Jackrabbits are mammals. Because they eat plants, they are called herbivores.
Jackrabbits are mammals. Because they eat plants, they are called herbivores.
Photograph by Arto Hakola/Shutterstock

Black-Tailed Jackrabbit

These speedy animals are capable of reaching 40 miles an hour.

Common Name:
Black-Tailed Jackrabbit
Scientific Name:
Lepus californicus
Type:
Mammals
Diet:
Herbivore
Average Life Span In The Wild:
1 to 5 years
Size:
2 feet
Weight:
3 to 9 pounds

Black-tailed jackrabbits are not actually rabbits, but are hares. Hares are born with fur and are larger than rabbits. They usually have taller hind legs and longer ears.

These speedy animals are capable of reaching 40 miles (64 kilometers)​ an hour​. They have powerful hind legs that can propel them on leaps of more than ​10​ feet​ (3 meters)​​. They use these leaps and a zigzag running style to evade their many predators, including coyotes.

Jackrabbits produce a lot of young called leverets or bunnies. Females give birth to several litters a year, each with one to six young. The young mature quickly and require little care from their mothers.

Other species of jackrabbits live in Mexico, the United States, and Canada. While the endangered status of most species is least concern, the Tehuantepec jackrabbit is considered near threatened.