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Create a Compost

CREATE A COMPOST!

Don’t let those food scraps slide into your trash can! Food composting lowers your carbon footprint by reducing methane emissions from landfills. Plus, you’ll create a special fertilizer that will help your garden grow. Here’s how to create your own composting bin at home.

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Watch out for worms!

WHAT TO DO

Talk to Your Family: Composting is a family affair! You’ll want everyone on board to make it all run smoothly.

 

Buy a Bin: To keep smells (and critters) away, you’ll want to invest in a composting bin (a trash-can-size bucket with a lid) from a hardware store.

 

Gather Your Greens (And Browns): To create the right reaction in your bin, you need a mix of greens (food waste, grass clippings) and browns (yard waste, newspapers). First, get together your browns, chopping or shredding the larger pieces.

 

Layer It: Add the browns to your bin, then put the greens on top. Keep the contents damp by lightly watering them with a hose or watering can.

 

Keep Turning: As you add stuff to your bin, be sure to have an equal amount of browns and greens, alternating between the layers. Turn or mix your bin every time you add more waste.

 

Time is Right: Depending on what’s inside your bin and how often you turn the contents over, you’ll likely have compost within a few months. You’ll know it’s ready when it’s dark brown and crumbly and smells like soil—not rotting vegetables.

 

COMPOST THIS:

*Yard waste (leaves, grass, weeds, sticks)

*Eggshells


*Fruit and vegetable peelings

*Tea bags

*Coffee grounds

*Shredded paper and cardboard (cereal boxes, egg cartons)

 

LEAVE IT IN THE TRASH:

*Meat, fish, and dairy products

*Cooked foods

*Tissues and napkins

Photograph by Rachel Husband, Alamy Stock Photo

Text adapted from the National Geographic Kids book This Book Stinks! by Sarah Wassner Flynn

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