Photograph courtesy National Park Service
Geography is a data-rich field of study, but long lists of facts and figures can be over-whelming and have little meaning unless they are organized in a way that encourages thoughtful analysis. This activity provides students practice in sorting, organizing, and displaying elevation data in order to learn about the physical landscape of the United States.
Examining the Data
Provide students copies of Activity #13 Handout 1 (PDF). Have students scan the data, identifying the highest and lowest state elevations throughout the United States. Also have them locate the state in which you live. Where does your state fall in terms of elevation.
Sorting and Organizing the Data
Distribute copies of Activity #13 Handout 2 (PDF). In this handout, the data has been sorted from lowest to highest state elevation.
- Have students evaluate the data to identify patterns in elevation. In general, where are the highest elevations? …the lowest elevations?
- Can the students make generalizations about elevation in different regions of the U.S.?
- Have student re-sort the data according to states that are east and west of the Mississippi River. What observations can they make based on this organization of the data?
Displaying the Data
Have students work in pairs to plot the location of the highest elevation in each state. [Use this blank map of the U.S.] They should label each state, the highest point, and the elevation. Remind students to include a title, key, and source on their maps.
Provide students quarter-inch graph paper. Divide the class into three groups.
- Have the first group plot the elevation data as bar graphs from lowest to highest elevations.
- Have the second group plot the data as bar graphs divided according to location east or west of the Mississippi River.
- Have the third group plot the data as bar graphs based on state location, working from west to east, and north to south.
Have students compare the graphs they have made. How does the presentation of data influence the way we understand information?
Extending the Activity
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Teachers and Parents
On March 30, 2012 about 100 fourth to eighth graders in each of the 50 states faced off during the National Geographic state level bees.
Principals of schools in the U.S. with any of the grades four through eight are eligible to register their schools to receive contest materials for a school-level Bee.
Wondering how to register for the Bee or how to prepare? Our "Frequently Asked Questions" have the answers!
What's the best way for students to prepare for the Bee? Here are some tips from the National Geographic Bee.
Quizzes to Go
Do you have what it takes to be the next National Geographic Bee Champion? Find out the fun way with the new GeoBee Challenge! Three types of game play make sure you really know your stuff and never get bored.
Google Earth Presents
A look into why geography is important to understand as students around the country prepare for the 2014 National Geographic Bee.
Teachers can use these activities in the classroom to prepare students for the bee!
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