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Caught on Video: Rare Amazon Jungle Dog

Camera shy? Watch as this rarely seen short-eared dog checks out a research camera in the Amazon and then sneaks off.

Published July 8, 2014

When researchers set up a camera near a dead animal in the Amazon rain forest, they expected to see vultures feasting. What they caught on video was a total surprise: a rare short-eared dog (Atelocynus microtis).

 

These rare wild dogs, which are about the size of a fox, have been spotted only in the Amazon basin regions of Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Colombia, and Peru. However, they have been so hard to find that scientists don't yet know how many of them exist or much about their behavior.


"They are very timid, totally different from pets," says Leite Pitman, a researcher at Duke University and a National Geographic grantee. The dog captured in the video appears to check out the camera and then sneaks off.

 

Unfortunately, scientists believe the dogs' numbers are declining due to loss of rain forest habitat and prey. Domestic dogs in the region can also spread disease to these wild dogs.

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Greek Speak

Scientific name: Atelocynus microtis

 

Atelocynus comes from these Greek words:
"ateles" = imperfect
"cyon" = dog

 

Microtis comes from these Greek words:
"micros" = small
"ot" = ear

Fun Facts

While little is known about the short-eared dog, here are a few things scientists have observed:

  • The dogs seem to prefer wetland areas and have been spotted swimming in rain forest streams.
  • The dogs' diet consists largely of fish, but they also eat other small animals, insects, and even some fruits.
  • Females are slightly larger than males.

Video courtesy Lary Reeves, graduate student at the University of Florida